China brokers peace talks to de-escalate fighting in Myanmar

December 12, 2023 | by b1og.net


China has taken on the role of peacemaker in Myanmar, brokering talks between the military government and an alliance of ethnic minority armed groups. The fighting in the country’s northeast has been intensifying since the Three Brotherhood Alliance launched a coordinated offensive in October. These attacks have presented a significant challenge to Myanmar’s military rulers and have also raised concerns in Beijing, as much of the fighting is occurring along the border with China. As Myanmar’s largest trading partner, China has a vested interest in ensuring stability in the region. The talks aim to reach a political solution to the conflict and de-escalate the violence that threatens not only the country but also the peace and stability of the China-Myanmar border.

China brokers peace talks to de-escalate fighting in Myanmar

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Myanmar’s northeast has been embroiled in fierce fighting between the military government and a coalition of ethnic minority armed groups known as the Three Brotherhood Alliance. This alliance, consisting of the Arakan Army, the Myanmar National Democratic Alliance Army, and the Ta’ang National Liberation Army, launched a coordinated offensive on October 27, posing a significant challenge to the military government. The fighting has raised concerns in neighboring China, as it has a strategic interest in maintaining stability along the China-Myanmar border.


China’s Concern and Relations with Myanmar

China, as Myanmar’s largest trading partner, has a vested interest in the stability of its neighbor. The ongoing conflict in Myanmar’s northeast has disrupted cross-border trade and raised concerns about the political destabilization of the country. China has maintained good relations with both the ruling generals in Myanmar and the armed groups in the Three Brotherhood Alliance. The alliance has vowed to protect foreign investments, including Chinese-backed projects in the territories they control.

The Three Brotherhood Alliance

The Three Brotherhood Alliance comprises three ethnic minority armed groups: the Arakan Army, the Myanmar National Democratic Alliance Army, and the Ta’ang National Liberation Army. These groups have launched a coordinated offensive against the military government, claiming victories and seizing military posts and border crossing points. The alliance’s actions have intensified the conflict in Myanmar and spread the military’s forces thin.

Spread of Fighting and Thinning Military Forces

The offensive by the Three Brotherhood Alliance has triggered renewed fighting nationwide, with the pro-democracy Peoples Defense Force and other ethnic minority armed groups joining the fray. This has further stretched the military’s resources and created a challenging situation for the government. The fighting has been particularly severe along the China-Myanmar border, blocking cross-border trade and raising concerns for both countries.

China’s Role in Peace Talks

In an effort to de-escalate the fighting, China has brokered peace talks between the military government and representatives of the Three Brotherhood Alliance. The military government confirmed that these talks have been taking place with the help of China. The dialogue has been facilitated by the National Solidarity and Peacemaking Negotiation Committee of the military government. A spokesperson for the committee announced that further discussions would be held at the end of the month.

China’s Position on the Talks

China has expressed its support for the peace talks and welcomed their positive results. The Chinese Foreign Ministry has emphasized that de-escalating the situation in northern Myanmar is in the best interest of all parties involved. China views the stability and peace of the China-Myanmar border as crucial and believes that peaceful resolution through dialogue is the way to achieve this.

Response from the Three Brotherhood Alliance

As of now, there has been no immediate response from the Three Brotherhood Alliance regarding the peace talks. However, the alliance has claimed significant victories in the fighting, including the seizure of over 200 military posts and four border crossing points crucial for trade with China. The alliance has also called for a cease-fire and a peaceful resolution to the conflict.


The Myanmar National Democratic Alliance Army’s Goals

The Myanmar National Democratic Alliance Army, one of the groups in the Three Brotherhood Alliance, has specific goals in the conflict. It seeks to oust a rival Kokang group backed by the military government from its seat of power in a key border city. Additionally, the alliance aims to eliminate major organized criminal enterprises, including cyberscam operations controlled by Chinese investors in collaboration with local Myanmar warlords. These objectives further highlight the complexity of the conflict and the interests at stake.

Beijing’s Response to Criminality

China has expressed embarrassment over the scale of organized criminal activities in the region and has vowed to eradicate them. Tens of thousands of individuals involved in illegal activities have been repatriated to China in recent weeks. Many of these individuals were deceived into engaging in illegal work and were subsequently held against their will. China’s response to these criminal enterprises underscores its commitment to maintaining law and order along its borders.

Impact on China-Myanmar Border Trade

The ongoing fighting and the blockage of cross-border trade have had a significant impact on the economic stability of both Myanmar and China. As China is Myanmar’s largest trading partner, the disruption of trade has raised concerns for both countries. Restoring peace and stability along the China-Myanmar border is crucial to the resumption of normal trade activities and the economic well-being of the region.

Political Destabilization of Myanmar

The conflict in Myanmar’s northeast adds to the existing civil war and political instability in the country. The fighting between the military government and the Three Brotherhood Alliance has the potential to further destabilize Myanmar and hinder its path towards democracy. The situation is of great concern not only to China but also to the international community, as it threatens the peace and security of the region.

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China as Myanmar’s Trading Partner

China’s position as Myanmar’s largest trading partner underscores its economic influence in the country. The good relations between China and Myanmar’s ruling generals have facilitated trade and investment between the two countries. China’s economic presence in Myanmar plays a significant role in shaping the dynamics of the conflict, as it seeks to balance its economic interests with its desire for stability in the region.


The peace talks brokered by China are of utmost importance in de-escalating the ongoing conflict in Myanmar’s northeast. The prospects for de-escalation and resolution are contingent on the successful outcome of these talks. China’s support for the peace process and its commitment to maintaining peace and stability along the China-Myanmar border are crucial in achieving a peaceful resolution. The international community will continue to closely monitor the developments and hopes for a peaceful and stable Myanmar for the well-being of its people and the region as a whole.

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